Tag: turkish

Rug Classifications

The first thing that most people want to understand about rugs is how to classify them. There are a number of ways to do this.

  • One could classify rugs by general rug type:
    a. Tribal Weavings
    b. Cottage Rugs
    c. Workshop Rugs
  • One could classify rugs by the style they portray:
    a. Tribal, or geometric, weavings.
    b. Decorative, or casual, rugs.
    c. City, or formal, rugs.
  • From there, a more specific classification comes into play, where the rug is from:
    Persia
    Turkey
    India
    The Caucuses
    Europe
    China
    Turkoman
    America
    Israel
    Morocco
    Palestine
  • After pinpointing where a rug is from, it can further be categorized by weave type and color to a distinct area within the countries of origin. Here is a list of most types of rugs:
  • Persian Rugs:

Afshar
Bakhtiari
Bakhshaiesh
Bibikabad
Bidjar
Farahan
Gabbeh
Ghashgaie
Hamadan
Heriz
Isfahan
Joshaqan
Karaja
Kashan
Kashan – Dabir
Kashan – Mohtasham
Kazvin
Kerman
Kerman – Lavar
Kurdish
Lilihan
Mahal
Malayer
Malayer – Mishan
Mashad
Mashad – Sabeer
Mood (NE Persian)
NW Persian
Qum
Sarouk
Sarouk – Farahan
Sarouk – Mohajeran
Senneh
Serab
Seraband
Serapi
Shiraz
Sultanabad
Sultanabad – Ziegler
Tabriz
Tabriz – Haji Jalili
Tehran

  • Turkish Rugs:
    Ghiordes
    Melas
    Oushak
    Oushak – Angora
    Oushak – Borlou
    Sivas
    Yuruk
  • Indian Rugs:
    Agra
    Amritsar
    Dhurrie
    Sharistan

 

  • Caucasian:
    Bidjov
    Chi-Chi
    Kuba
    Karabagh
    Lesghi
    Moghan
    Shirvan
    Talish
    Zeychor
    Kazak
  • European:
    Arraiolos Needlework
    Aubusson
    Axminster
    Besserabian
    Donegal
    English Art Deco
    German – Bauhaus
    Needlepoint
    Rya
    Savonnerie
    Spanish – Cuenca
    Tapestry
    Ukranian
  • American:
    American Hooked Rugs
    Braided Rug
    Navajo
    Rag Rug
  • Chinese:
    Art Deco
    Khotan
    Mongolian
    Ning Xia
    Peking
    Samarghand
  • Turkoman:
    Baluch
    Ersari
    Beshir
    Hatchli
  • Other:
    Bezalel – Palestine
    Israeli
    Kerghiz
    Moroccan
  • All of the above:
    Soumak
    Kilim

To view  classify rugs on our website, please use this link:

http://www.antiquerugstudio.com/

 

Advertisements

Rugs of the Week

Donegal  vs. Oushak

18754E
Donegal rug #18754, size 11’6″ x 10’4″

 

19239houzz
Oushaks rug #19239, size 15’0″ x 12’10”

Clash of the Carpets

Battle of the bands? How about a combat of the carpets? Who is original and who is derivative? Who copied whom and who inspired whom? Which came first? We date the Turkish Oushak 19239  as c. 1880 or somewhat later, while the Irish Donegal 18754  was woven right around 1900. Oushaks employing selected Persian design motives were essentially introduced by the predecessors of Oriental Carpet Manufacturers (OCM) when they took over the production of export oriented workshops, certainly in the late 19th century. Irish production seems to have begun around 1898, Oushaks were certainly available as prototypes. Oushak carpets, actually woven mostly in Smyrna on the west coast of Turkey, were simplified in design, stripped of extraneous ornament, to facilitate quicker, cheaper production. Wool in both Ireland and Ottoman Turkey was abundant and labor was cheap.  Coarse carpets were easy to design, easy to weave and could be priced reasonably.

The design vocabulary certainly overlaps: bold palmettes, flowering racemes in field and border, angular arabesque segments. If anything, the Donegal carpet is graphically stronger than its Turkish compere. Both the designers of each have eliminated extraneous ornament and enlarged what they retained. Less was certainly more. The Donegal  carpet employs chunky Persian booths on the arabesques while the Oushak borrows equally Iranian weeping willows.  The palette of the Donegal is wider, with ochre, grass green, dark blue and ivory, while the Oushak hits hard with a striking gold border. Interestingly, the outer flame-like narrow border has been cleverly adopted and adapted from the peripheries of the medallions on 17th century Oushak carpets made for export to Europe.

Could the places of origin be reversed? Red dominates in both carpets, a warm and expansive red.

So, which rug is better? Put them in adjacent rooms. Their folly, directly appealing styles easily mesh. Both types borrow and the only question is whether you prefer one borrowing to another. Both work with modern furniture, especially those pieces where the wood itself is given prominence , a George  Nakashima table, perhaps.